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The state of Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave is one of the 31 states that compose Mexico (does not include the Mexican Federal District).

IIt is located in the east central part of the country, between 17°10' and 22°38' North and between 93°55' and 98°38' West. It has a mainland area of 72,815 km² and includes several islands in the Gulf of Mexico totalling another 58 km².

Veracruz borders the states of Tamaulipas to the north, Oaxaca and Chiapas to the south, Tabasco to the southeast, Puebla, Hidalgo, and San Luis Potosi to the west, and the Gulf of Mexico to the east.

IIts capital is Xalapa. With 6.9 million inhabitants, the state of Veracruz is the third most populous in the nation, after the Federal District and the state of México.

On the coastal plains and throughout most of the state, the climate is hot and humid. On the foothills of the mountains, the climate is cool and humid. The climate only becomes cold in the mountain regions, where it also rains copiously. From June to October, Veracruz is "occasionally" affected by hurricanes.

IIts formal name is Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave or, more simply, Veracruz – in honor of General Ignacio de la Llave, who died in 1863 after wounds received during the French invasion of Mexico.

IImportant cities
Catemaco: Popular touristic resort.
Coatepec: Colonial city in the heart of coffee country.
Coatzacoalcos: Mayor port and oil refinery center.
Córdoba : Important center for agriculture and commerce.
Orizaba : Important industrial city.
Tlacotalpan: A river port and UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Veracruz: A major port on the Gulf of Mexico and the state's biggest city.
Xalapa: The state capital.
Also in Veracruz are the city of Papantla and the Pre-Columbian ruins of El Tajín. The centers of the ancient Olmec civilization were located in what is today Veracruz and the neighboring state of Tabasco.


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