Baja California (literally "lower California" in Spanish) is the northernmost state of Mexico. It is sometimes incorrectly referred to as Baja California Norte to distinguish it from the Baja California peninsula, of which it forms the northern half, and Baja California Sur, which forms the southern half of the peninsula. Before becoming a state in 1953, the area was known as the Territory of Baja California Norte. Baja is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean, on the east by Sonora and the Sea of Cortez or Gulf of California, and on the south by Baja California Sur. Its northern limit is the U.S.-Mexico border, adjacent to the U.S. state of California.
Baja California has a population of 2,750,000. Over 75% of the population lives in the capital city of Mexicali, or the most populous city in the state, Tijuana. Both these cities are close to the U.S. border. Other important cities include Ensenada, San Felipe, and Playas de Rosarito y Tecate.
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